PTE Quiz – Reading – Multiple Choice Question (Multi Answers)

After reading a text, answer a multiple-choice question on the content or tone of the text by selecting more than one response.

Much has been written on the wooden sculptures of West Africa, especially Nigeria, which was pre-eminent in the art, for unlike other crafts, wood-carving has long been acknowledged in the West as an art form. Yet, compared with stone or bronze, wood is not a very durable material in tropical conditions and the oldest carvings in Nigeria are probably no more than two hundred and fifty years old. Many of the earliest, maybe the finest of the wood carvings may also have been destroyed by termites. When one is attacked in this way, no attempt is made to preserve it; a new one is made to replace it, for the creativity of making it is valued above the object per se. The finest sculptures were made for religious or ceremonial purposes, and the art of creation was itself a religious act.

What has led to there being no very old wood carvings in West Africa?

a) the nature of the climate there
b) Western collectors’ desire for such carvings
c) the fact that other materials were used previously
d) destruction of the carvings because of religion
e) problems caused by insects

A (the nature of the climate there): wood is not a very durable material in tropical conditions
E (problems caused by insects): may also have been destroyed by termites

It is possible to study the curriculum of an educational institution from a number of different perspectives. In the first instance, we can look at curriculum planning, that is at decision-making, in relation to identifying learners’ needs and purposes; establishing goals and objectives; selecting and grading content; organising appropriate learning arrangements and learner groupings; selecting, adapting or developing appropriate materials, learning tasks and assessment and evaluation tools.

Alternatively, we can study the curriculum in action, as it were. This second perspective takes us into the classroom itself. Here, we can observe the teaching/learning process and study the ways in which the intentions of the curriculum planners, which were developed during the planning phase, are put into action.

Yet another perspective relates to assessment and evaluation. From this perspective we would try and find out what students had learned and what they had failed to learn, in relation to what had been planned. In addition we might want to find out if they had learned anything which had not been planned.

Which of these ways of looking at an institution’s curriculum is outlined in the text?

a) observing what happens during lessons
b) evaluating the materials used
c) analysing the content of tests
d) considering what is taken into account when preparing the curriculum
e) comparing this curriculum with other choices that could have been made
f) reviewing actual learning compared to curriculum goals
g) assessing the effectiveness of teacher preparation for lessons

A (observing what happens during lessons): we can study the curriculum in action … into the classroom itself
D (considering what is taken into account when preparing the curriculum): first paragraph
F (reviewing actual learning compared to curriculum goals): final paragraph

2019-02-23T21:49:06+00:00

5 Comments

  1. Apurva Peshavaria February 13, 2019 at 5:53 pm - Reply

    1) A,E
    2) B, F

  2. Prakit.p1985 February 13, 2019 at 8:56 pm - Reply

    1)B,D
    2)A,F

  3. anwarhossain2050 February 15, 2019 at 8:41 pm - Reply

    1) A, F
    2) A, B, F

  4. Chamari February 16, 2019 at 8:20 am - Reply

    A E
    A F

  5. relish February 22, 2019 at 5:48 pm - Reply

    1 A,E
    2 A,D,F

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