1) Use “Collocation” to identify correct words
Remember that some words often go together to form a familiar phrase. This is called ‘collocation’. Using collocation can help you recognise the correct word for each blank. For example, the phrase ‘the general public’ is a common collocation, so you can quickly see that ‘public’ might be a good choice for the first blank in the sentence below:
2) Use grammar knowledge to rule out wrong options
Make sure that the whole sentence sounds grammatically correct when filling blanks. This can be done by taking into account words surrounding the blank and figuring out what part of speech is appropriate (e.g., preposition, conjunction, adjective, plural noun, adverb).
In the example below, ‘beginning to’ tells you that an infinitive verb form is missing ‘to + verb’. Next look at the answer options provided and rule out any words that are not the right part of speech, e.g., ‘world’ is a noun and ‘formal’ is an adjective. Also rule out any verbs that are not in the infinitive form.
Finally, choose from the words that are left, the one that has the correct meaning: ‘view’ and ‘look’ mean ‘see’, but we ‘quote’ or ‘cite’ references, so only ‘cite’ fits the blank: